Perhaps the concept of IoT – Internet of Things is no longer strange in today’s technology era. Because it plays an important role in providing services, improving the development of enterprises, etc. So, what is the concept of Internet of Things , its structure and application? Check out the information below to find out!
1. Internet of Things – What is IoT?
Internet of Things
Internet of Things , or IoT , Internet of Things refers to the billions of physical devices around the world that are now connected to the internet, all of which collect and share data. Thanks to the advent of super-cheap computer chips and the ubiquity of wireless networks, it is possible to make anything, from something as small as a pill to something as large as an airplane, part of the IoT. Connecting all these disparate objects and adding sensors to them adds a level of digital intelligence to physical devices, allowing them to communicate real-time data without the need for a human. People. The Internet of Things is making the structure of the world around us smarter and more responsive, merging physical and digital technology.
2. Structure of the Internet of Things
The Internet of things system has four components: devices, docking stations, network infrastructure, and data analyzers and processors.
Internet of Things Architecture
In particular, the sensors have the effect of sensing signals from the environment, including temperature, pressure, light, … to be able to convert and connect them through data in the network environment.
Next, the signals will be processed and made changes according to the user’s wishes and they are applied through the phone and computer system.
3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the Internet of things?
The Internet of things has distinct advantages and disadvantages, specifically as follows:
Advantages and disadvantages of Internet of Things
- The Internet of things makes it possible to access information anytime, anywhere and on a variety of device platforms.
- Helps improve communication between devices.
- Help transfer data over the internet and save a lot of time and money.
- Help automate tasks and increase service quality for businesses.
- Internet of things when there are many connected devices and a lot of information sharing will have problems of information confidentiality.
- Businesses will have to deal with broken connection equipment.
- Since there is no international standard, compatibility will be problematic.
4. Why Internet of Things (IoT) is important
Over the past few years, IoT has become one of the most important technologies of the 21st century. We can now connect everyday objects – kitchen appliances, cars, thermostats, screens. childlike image – with the internet via embedded devices, seamless communication between people, processes and things is possible.
Using low-cost computing, cloud, big data, analytics, and mobility, physical things can share and collect data with minimal human intervention. In this hyper-connected world, digital systems can record, monitor, and regulate each interaction between connected things. The physical world meets the digital world – and they collaborate.
5. What technologies make up the IoT?
Although the idea of IoT has been around for a long time, a series of recent advancements in a number of different technologies have made it a reality.
- Sensor technology: Affordable and reliable sensors are making IoT technology available to more manufacturers.
- Connectivity: A variety of network protocols for the internet have made it easy to connect sensors to the cloud for efficient data transmission.
- Cloud platforms: The increasing availability of cloud platforms allows both businesses and consumers to access the infrastructure they need to scale without actually having to manage. all.
- Machine learning and analytics: With advances in machine learning and analytics, along with access to vast and diverse amounts of data stored in the cloud, businesses can gather insights fast more and easier. The emergence of these alliance technologies continues to push the boundaries of IoT, and the data generated by IoT also provides the feed for these technologies.
- Artificial Intelligence (AI): Advances in neural networks have brought natural language processing (NLP) capabilities to IoT devices (such as digital personal assistants Alexa, Cortana and Siri) and make them attractive, affordable, and viable for home use.
6. Consumer and Enterprise IoT Applications
The organizations that are best suited for IoT are those that will benefit from the use of sensors in their business processes.
6.1 Manufacturing and manufacturing industry
Manufacturers can gain a competitive advantage by using production line monitoring to enable proactive maintenance of equipment when sensors detect an impending failure. The sensor can actually measure when production output is affected. With the help of sensor alerts, manufacturers can quickly test a device’s accuracy or remove it from production until it is repaired. This allows companies to reduce operating costs, get better uptime, and improve asset performance management.
6.2 Automotive industry
The automotive industry is realizing significant advantages from using IoT applications. In addition to the benefits of applying IoT to the production line, sensors can detect impending equipment failure in vehicles on the road and can alert drivers with details and Recommendations. Thanks to aggregated information collected by IoT-based applications, auto manufacturers and suppliers can learn more about how to keep cars running and keep car owners informed.
6.3 Transportation and Logistics
Transportation and logistics systems benefit from many IoT applications. Fleets of cars, trucks, ships, and trains that carry inventory can be rerouted based on weather conditions, vehicle availability, or driver availability, thanks to IoT sensor data. The inventory itself can also be equipped with sensors to monitor and track and control temperature. The food and beverage, flower, and pharmaceutical industries that often contain temperature-sensitive inventories will greatly benefit from IoT monitoring applications that send alerts when temperatures rise or fall to threatening levels. product.
IoT applications enable retail companies to manage inventory, improve customer experience, optimize supply chains, and reduce operational costs. For example, smart shelves equipped with weight sensors can collect RFID-based information and send the data to an IoT platform to automatically track inventory and trigger alerts if items are running low. Beacons can push targeted offers and promotions to customers to deliver engaging experiences.
6.5 Public sector
The benefits of IoT in the public sector and other service-related environments are similarly broad. For example, government-owned utilities can use IoT-based applications to notify their users of mass outages and even smaller disruptions to services. water supply, electricity supply or drainage system. IoT applications can collect data related to outage coverage and deploy resources to help utilities recover from failures at higher speeds.
6.6 Health Care
IoT asset monitoring brings many benefits to the healthcare industry. Doctors, nurses, and orderers often need to know the exact location of patient support assets such as wheelchairs. When hospital wheelchairs are equipped with IoT sensors, they can be tracked from an IoT asset monitoring app so that anyone looking can quickly find the nearest available wheelchair. Many hospital assets can be tracked in this way to ensure proper use and financial accounting for physical assets within each department.
6.7 General safety in all industries
In addition to tracking physical assets, IoT can be used to improve worker safety. For example, employees working in hazardous environments such as mines, oil and gas fields, chemical and power plants need to be aware of the occurrence of a hazardous event that could affect them. When they are connected to IoT sensor-based applications, they can be notified of accidents or rescued from them as quickly as possible. IoT applications are also used for wearable devices that can monitor human health and environmental conditions. These types of apps not only help people better understand their own health, but also allow doctors to monitor patients remotely.